An important element of education is the assessment, which informs the teacher whether or not his or her student understands the essential elements of the lesson and can apply this knowledge to a new, more challenging environment.
While this may seem obvious, what is less commonly acknowledged is the fact that there are two types of assessment: formative and summative.
Unfortunately, formative assessments are often ignored in favor of more frequent summative assessments, and the results can be devastating for your student’s understanding and confidence.
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE?
A summative assessment is the more stereotypical test or project that serves as a final, conclusive demonstration of knowledge or skills. Summative assessments should come at the end of a unit when a student has had every opportunity to explore the content in question. Formative assessments have a hazier definition; they could come in the form of a simple question, an exit ticket, a pop quiz, a small activity, or most commonly, a homework assignment. The goal of a formative assessment is to not to decide once and for all whether or not your student has attained the lesson’s goal. Instead, it checks for the growth in the student’s understanding: is his or her knowledge forming?
WHY SHOULD YOU USE BOTH?
Formative assessments are an invaluable tool for all home tutors in singapore because they allow the student to show how much he or she understands rather than forcing the home tutor to guess, or even worse, to assume. Delivered at the beginning of a lesson, such assessments can analyze the student’s retention from the previous session.
Likewise, a formative assessment delivered at the end of a lesson could determine whether or not certain misunderstandings have been addressed for the student. What is most important for an educator to remember is that formative assessments provide insight into the student, and therefore, lessons have to be flexible. If the results of a formative assessment reveal significant confusion, the lesson cannot barrel ahead as planned.
Instead, the home tutor from a qualified tuition agency should use these results to accordingly modify the lesson and address the student’s needs.
Formative assessments should certainly not be used to replace summative assessments. Instead, they should be implemented to support your student while working towards a successful summative assessment.
In the end, formative assessments can prevent confusion and failure in future, more complicated lessons while simultaneously supporting your student’s content knowledge and self-assurance.
And so, as our lesson comes to a close, let’s end with a review question: who can tell me what the difference between these two types of assessments are, and why we need them both?
And that’s how you formatively assess.